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Intelligent methods for computer-aided diagnosis of mental diseases based on personality inventories

       The research is supported by the grant from the University of Information Technology and Management in Rzeszów, Poland.

Research Team:

Krzysztof Pancerz (Univerisity of Information Technology and Management in Rzeszow) – scientific leader
Jarosław Szkoła (Univerisity of Information Technology and Management in Rzeszow)
Wiesław Paja (Univerisity of Information Technology and Management in Rzeszow)
Daniel Jachyra (Univerisity of Information Technology and Management in Rzeszow)

External experts:

Jerzy Gomuła, Joanna Sokołowska-Jachyra


Research Objective:

       Our research concerns psychometric data coming from the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) test. The main goal is focused on creating a new computer tool called Copernicus for multicriteria diagnosis of mental diseases.
       A clinical base for a tool is the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) test delivering psychometric data on patients with selected mental disorders. Originally, the MMPI test was developed and published in 1943 by a psychologist S.R. McKinley and a neuropsychiatrist J.Ch. Hathaway from the University of Minnesota. Later the inventory was adapted in above fifty countries. The MMPI-WISKAD personality inventory is a Polish adaptation of the American inventory. It has been used among other modern tools for carrying out nosological differential diagnosis in psychiatric wards, counseling services, prison ward services as well as in the public hospitals for collective screenings and examinations (e.g., professional soldiers for the public/military services such as the army, fire brigades, police and airline pilots). Interestingly, the effectiveness of a prescribed therapy can be valuated by means of such an inventory. MMPI is also commonly used in scientific research. The test is based upon the empirical approach and originally was translated by M. Chojnowski (as WIO) and elaborated by Z. Płużek (as WISKAD) in 1950. American norms were accepted there. Based upon received responses (“Yes”, “Cannot Say”, “Not” ) to selected questions we may make up a total count for the subject being examined measuring obtained raw results against the reference and clinical scales as being directly related to specific questions (items). The profile (graph) that is built for such a case has always a fixed and invariable order of its constituents as distributed on the scales. The validity part consists of three scales: L - the scale of lying which is sensitive to all false statements aiming at representing ourselves in a better light, F - the scale which detects atypical and deviatory answers to all items in the test, K - it examines self defensive mechanisms and it detects subtler attempts of the subject being screened at falsifying and aggravation. The clinical part consists of ten scales: 1. Hp- Hypochondriasis, 2. D - Depression, 3. Hy - Hysteria, 4. Ps - Psychopathic Deviate, 5. Mc – Masculinity/Femininity, 6. Pa - Paranoia, 7. Pt - Psychastenia, 8. Sc - Schizophrenia, 9. Ma - Hypomania, 0. It – Social introversion.
       In years 1998-1999, a team of researchers consisting of W. Duch, T. Kucharski, J. Gomuła, R. Adamczak created two independent rule systems devised for the nosological diagnosis of persons that may be screened with the MMPI-WISKAD test. The Copernicus tool for analysis of MMPI profiles of patients with mental disorders continues this research. The tool is designed for the Java platform. This makes a tool a modern paltform-independetnt, object-oriented, user-friendly application.


Publications:

  • Gomuła, J., Paja, W., Pancerz, K., Szkoła, J.: A Preliminary Attempt to Rules Generation for Mental Disorders. In: T. Pardela, B. Wilamowski (Eds.), Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Human System Interaction (HSI'2010), Rzeszow, Poland, May 13-15, 2010, pp. 763-765. Abstract
  • Gomuła, J., Pancerz, K., Szkoła, J.: Analysis of MMPI profiles of patients with mental disorders - the first unveil of a new computer tool. In: Grzech, A., Świątek, P., Brzostowski, K. (Eds.), Applications of Systems Science, Academic Publishing House EXIT, Warsaw, 2010, pp. 297-306. Abstract
  • Gomuła, J., Pancerz, K., Szkoła, J.: Classification of MMPI Profiles of Patients with Mental Disorders – Experiments with Attribute Reduction and Extension. In: J. Yu, S. Greco, P. Lingras, G. Wang, A. Skowron (Eds.), Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Rough Set and Knowledge Technology (RSKT’2010), Beijing, China, October 15-17, 2010, Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 6401, Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, 2010, pp. 411-418. Abstract
  • Gomuła, J., Pancerz, K., Szkoła, J.: Copernicus - an Expert System Supporting Differential Diagnosis of Patients Examined Using The MMPI Test: an Index-Rule Approach. In: V. Traver, A. Fred, J. Filipe, H. Gamboa (Eds.), Proceedings of the International Conference on Health Informatics (HEALTHINF'2011), Rome, Italy, January 26-29, 2011, pp. 323-328. Abstract
  • Gomuła, J., Pancerz, K., Szkoła, J.: Computer-Aided Diagnosis of Patients with Mental Disorders Using the Copernicus System. In: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Human System Interaction (HSI'2011), Yokohama, Japan, May 19-21, 2011, pp. 274-280. Abstract
  • Gomuła, J., Paja, W., Pancerz, K., Mroczek, T., Wrzesień, M.: Experiments with Hybridization and Optimization of the Rules Knowledge Base for Classification of MMPI Profiles. In: P. Perner (Eds.), Advances in Data Mining. Applications and Theoretical Aspects - Proceedings of the 11th Industrial Conference on Data Mining (ICDM'2011), New York, NY, USA, August 30 - September 3, 2011, Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 6870, Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, 2011, pp. 121-133. Abstract
  • Pancerz, K., Gomuła, J.: Two rule-based models of differential diagnosis using the MMPI test: rule decision trees and approximate rules. In: Book of Programme - Abstracts: 11th European Conference on Psychological Assessment (ECPA'2011), Riga, Latvia, August 31 - September 3, 2011, p. 111. Abstract
  • Jachyra, D., Pancerz, K., Gomuła, J.: Classification of MMPI Profiles using Decision Trees. In: M. Szczuka, L. Czaja, A. Skowron, M. Kacprzak (Eds.), Proceedings of the Workshop on Concurrency, Specification and Programming (CS&P'2011), Pułtusk, Poland, September 28-30, 2011, pp. 397-407. Abstract
  • Pancerz, K., Lewicki, A., Tadeusiewicz, R., Gomuła, J.: Ant Based Clustering of MMPI Data - An Experimental Study. In: J.T. Yao, S. Ramanna, G. Wang, Z. Suraj (Eds.), Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Rough Sets and Knowledge Technology (RSKT'2011), Banff, Canada, October 9-12, 2011, Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence, Vol. 6954, Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, 2011, pp. 366-375. Abstract
  • Gomuła, J., Pancerz, K., Szkoła, J.: Rule-Based Classification of MMPI Data of Patients with Mental Disorders: Experiments with Basic and Extended Profiles. International Journal of Computational Intelligence Systems, Vol. 4 (5), Atlantis Press, 2011, pp. 1022-1031.
  • Gomuła, J., Paja, W., Pancerz, K., Szkoła, J.: Rule-Based Analysis of MMPI Data Using the Copernicus System. In: Hippe, Z.S., Kulikowski, J.L., Mroczek, T. (Eds.), Human-Computer Systems Interaction. Backgrounds and Applications 2. Part II. Advances in Intelligent and Soft Computing, Vol. 99, Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, 2012, pp. 191-203. Abstract
  • Jachyra, D., Pancerz, K., Gomuła, J.: Multiway Classification of MMPI Profiles. In: E. Zaitseva, V. Levashenko (Eds.), Proceedings of the Ninth International Conference on Digital Technologies (DT'2013), Zilina, Slovakia, May 29-31, 2013, pp. 119-127.
  • Jachyra, D., Gomuła, J., Pancerz, K.: Rule-Based Classification of Patients Screened with the MMPI Test in the Copernicus System. In: Iantovics, B., Kountchev, R. (Eds.), Advanced Intelligent Computational Technologies and Decision Support Systems. Studies in Computational Intelligence, Vol. 486, Springer International Publishing, 2014, pp. 31-42.
  • Mich, O., Burda, A., Pancerz, K., Gomuła, J.: The Knowledge Base for Computer-Aided Diagnosis of Mental Disorders Based on Psychometric Tests. In: Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Digital Technologies (DT'2014), Zilina, Slovakia, July 9-11, 2014, pp. 266-272.
  • Levashenko, V., Zaitseva, E., Pancerz, K., Gomuła, J.: Fuzzy Decision Tree Based Classification of Psychometric Data. In: M. Ganzha, L. Maciaszek, M. Paprzycki (Eds.), Position Papers of the 2014 Federated Conference on Computer Science and Information Systems, Warsaw, Poland, September 7–10, 2014, Annals of Computer Science and Information Systems, Vol. 3, PTI, Warsaw, 2014, pp. 37-41.